# Null Space Labs

### Site Tools

thermal_vac_chamber

## Project Description

In order to simulate the conditions of high altitude flight we must either buy or build our own thermal-vac chamber. Since commercial ones cost more than \$10k, we will be designing, and building our own low cost thermal-vac chamber.

## Design

### Concept Overview

Step 1

• Place electronic parts into the chamber, minimize thermal conduction (possibly hang parts with fishing strings)
• Close the chamber
• Purge the chamber with dry nitrogen, allow air inside to exit
• Allow the chamber to consist of mostly dry nitrogen

Step 2

• Close off all values to the chamber
• Place dry ice around the chamber to cool the dry nitrogen and electronic parts through thermal convection
• Measure temperature inside the chamber and the temperature of the electronic parts
• Allow it to achieve -60C

Step 3

• Open the value leading to the refrigerator pump
• Pump the -60C dry nitrogen until the pressure is at 1010 Pa (pascals) or 0.01atm (1% of pressure at sea level) (estimate pressure at 100,000ft)
• The chamber is now simulating the environment of 100,000 ft (-60C and 1010 Pa)

### Mechanical Overview

The Thermal Vacuum Chamber concept consists of single 1/4“ thick aluminum tube with a 7.5” ID and 8.0“ OD. We then place a 1/4” aluminum plate on one end and 1/2“ acrylic on the other end. We will also add a hole on the bottom aluminum plate to allow wires to pass. All joints are sealed with low temperature liquid gasket.

Tubes available here: https://www.speedymetals.com/pc-4661-8371-8-od-x-250-wall-tube-6061-t6-aluminum.aspx

Conceptual drawings of the environmental test chamber:

### Mechanical Stress Analysis

The following is a stress analysis of one of the walls. It's fixed by the corners and a 14psi pressure load is applied to the wall (at room temperature). Results conclude that deflection is minimal, however more materials should be looked into.

Full analysis report: Cylinder: cylinder-simulationxpress_study-1.docx

Bottom Plate: bottom-simulationxpress_study-1.docx

## Electronics

• 6 Low Temperature Thermocouples
• Pump Controller
• Pressure Sensor

• None